|Born||February 25, 1968|
Oumou Sangaré (Bambara: Umu Sangare; born 25 February 1968 in Bamako) is a Grammy Award-winning Malian Wassoulou musician of Fulani or Fula descent. She is often referred to as "The Songbird of Wassoulou". Wassoulou is a historical region south of the Niger River, where the music descends from age-old traditional song, often accompanied by a calabash.
Sangaré was born in 1968 to singer Aminata Diakité and Sidiki Sangaré, both of whom originated from the Wassoulou region. In 1970, her father took a second wife and moved to Abidjan, leaving Sangaré, her mother and her siblings behind in Bamako. She began singing in the streets to help her mother, leaving school at an early age to do so. Her career began in 1973 when, at the age of five, she won an inter-kindergarten singing competition in Bamako, going on to perform before an audience of several thousand at the Omnisport stadium. At 16, she went on tour with the percussion group Djoliba, touring in France, Germany, the Netherlands, the Caribbean, and elsewhere. Inspired by her reception on tour, Sangaré returned to Bamako and established her own musical group.
Oumou Sangaré is considered an ambassador of Wassoulou; her music has been inspired by the music and traditional dances of the region. She writes and composes her songs, which often include social criticism, especially concerning women's low status in society.
Since 1990 she has performed at some of the most important venues in the world, such as the Melbourne Opera, Roskilde Festival, Gnaoua World Music Festival, WOMAD, Oslo World Music Festival, and the Opéra de la Monnaie.
Many of Sangaré's songs concern love and marriage, especially freedom of choice in marriage. Her 1989 album Moussoulou was an unprecedented West African hit. In 1995, she toured with Baaba Maal, Femi Kuti, and Boukman Eksperyans. Other albums include Ko Sira (1993), Worotan (1996), and a 2-CD compilation Oumou (2004), all released on World Circuit Records. Sangaré supports the cause of women throughout the world. She was named an ambassador of the FAO in 2003 and won the UNESCO Prize in 2001 and was made a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters of France in 1998.
Sangaré is featured prominently in Throw Down Your Heart, a 2008 documentary about world-renowned American banjo player Béla Fleck, and his exploration of the relatively unknown relationship between his instrument and the musical traditions in Africa.
Personal life, politics and business
Sangaré is also involved in the world of business, including hotels, agriculture, and automobiles. She has launched a car, the "Oum Sang", manufactured by a Chinese firm and marketed in conjunction with her own company Gonow Oum Sang. She is the owner of the 30-room Hotel Wassoulou in Mali's capital, Bamako, a haven for musicians and her own regular performing space. "I helped build the hotel myself. I did it to show women that you can make your life better by working. And many more are working these days, forming co-operatives to make soap or clothes."
Sangaré has also been a goodwill ambassador for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, but says she does not want to be a politician: "While you're an artist, you're free to say what you think; when you're a politician, you follow instructions from higher up."
- Solo albums
- Moussolou (1990)
- Ko Sira (1993) [released as Bi Furu in Mali]
- "Worotan" (1996), Nonesuch/Warner Music [released as Denw in Mali]
- Laban (2001)
- Oumou (2003)
- Seya (2009)
- Mogoya (2017)
- Acoustic (2020)
- Timbuktu (2022)
- Contributing artist
- The Rough Guide to World Music (1994), World Music Network
- The Rough Guide to West African Music (1995), World Music Network
- Unwired: Africa (2000), World Music Network
- Mood 4 Eva (2019), The Lion King: The Gift
Prizes and awards
- IMC-UNESCO International Music Prize (2001, performers category, jointly awarded to Gidon Kremer) for her contribution to "the enrichment and the development of music as well as for the cause of peace, for the understanding among peoples and international cooperation".
- On October 16, 2003, Sangaré was named Goodwill Ambassador of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
- In 2010, Sangaré's album Seya was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary World Music Album.
- In 2011, Sangaré won a Grammy for Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals, with Herbie Hancock, Pink, India Arie, Seal, Konono Nº1 and Jeff Beck, for 'Imagine'.
- In October 2017, Sangaré won the Artist Award at WOMEX 2017 in recognition of her music and for her advocacy for women's rights.
- Manuh, Takyiwaa; Sutherland-Addy, Esi (2013). Africa in Contemporary Perspective: A Textbook for Undergraduate Students. Sub-Saharan Publishers. ISBN 978-9988-647-37-7.
- Durán, Lucy (1995). "Birds of Wasulu: Freedom of Expression and Expressions of Freedom in the Popular Music of Southern Mali". British Journal of Ethnomusicology. 4: 101–134. ISSN 0968-1221. Retrieved November 7, 2023.
- Lacey, Hester (January 19, 2018). "Q&A with singer Oumou Sangaré". Financial Times. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Oumou Sangare – The songbird of Africa". The Independent. January 24, 2009. Archived from the original on May 24, 2022. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Mali : " BI-MOGOYA " D'OUMOU SANGARE : Une captivante excursion dans le Wassoulou de belles mélodies". Mali Actu. March 16, 2017. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Oumou Sangaré: " je chante pour venger ma mère "". leralnet (in French). Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- Pajon, Léo (July 5, 2017). "Mali : le retour de la reine, Oumou Sangaré" (in French). JeuneAfrique. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- Haider, Arwa (May 18, 2017). "Oumou Sangaré review – Malian songbird's musical star soars". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
- Romney, Jonathan (March 5, 1991). "review". Q Magazine. 55: 76.
- "The Imagine Project". All About Jazz. June 21, 2010. Retrieved November 29, 2010.
- "Après «Mignonnes», Maïmouna Doucouré met Oumou Sangaré et Yseult à l'affiche". Paris Match, 24 April 2022.
- "Oumou Sangare: Sonic And Political Muscle". NPR. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- " Oum Sang " Afrik.com 23 août 2006
- Lusk, Jon. "BBC – Music – Review of Oumou Sangare – Oumou". Retrieved May 27, 2018.
- "Prize laureates 1975 – 2004". International Music Council.
- "Winners! A Complete List From the 2011 Grammy Awards". February 14, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- "Oumou Sangaré, La Star Della World Music in Concerto A San Giorgio A Cremano" (in Italian). napolitime.it. September 29, 2017. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- Oliva, Raffaella (September 29, 2017). "La diva maliana Oumou Sangaré contro la poligamia: "Troppe donne soffrono, canto per loro"". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). IO Donna. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Nově na Colours Of Ostrava: zpěvačka Joss Stone s Grammy i Brit Awards, malijská královna Oumou Sangaré i provokativní Beth Ditto z Gossip". musicserver.cz. Retrieved June 23, 2018.